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Tropical freshwater fish care guide-How to keep tropical freshwater fish?

How to keep tropical freshwater fish in your home aquarium?

A properly established and maintained the tropical freshwater fish tank, with crystal clear water, goldfish, and flowering plants, can be an object of beauty and fascination. The key to maintaining a successful aquarium is to select freshwater fish fish that are easy to care for, which is not going to be too large and to coexist in peace. There is a bit of expense involved in creating a tropical freshwater tank, and it takes time and effort to keep the water clean and fish healthy. But if you follow some guidelines your efforts will be well rewarded.

In this article from http://aquariumfishblog.com, we explain how to take care of your aquarium, aquarium fish, aquarium plants and aquarium fish diseases.


Types of Tropical freshwater fish

Decide on the types of tropical freshwater fish you want. For the beginning of the aquarists, the best options are gold and cherry spikes, tetras, zebra dancers Sangraleta, members of the Cyprinodontidae family – which include platies and guppies – and labyrinth fish such as dwarf gouramis. These are all little, tough, active fish that get along well in a community, are fairly easy to feed. And grow in temperatures of 74 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep these fish in groups of four or five members, not only to promote a sense of safety for fish but for the visual effect of a similar fish bank moving in concert. Allowing two gallons of water for every inch of fish is a good rule of thumb; Depending on the adult size of the fish, you can have two small schools in your 20-gallon tank.

Select tank place

Select a location for your aquarium and stand in a place unaffected by ventilation ducts, heaters or sun. Make sure the stand is OK; With water weighing 10 pounds per gallon, the stand will be supporting more than 200 lbs.

Rinse the new aquarium and everything that will go into it, with tap water. Do not use soap of any kind. Aquarium gravel can be rinsed in a paste colander. You will need about a pound and a half of gravel per gallon of water. Place the gravel on the bottom of the aquarium.

Live aquatic plants

Use live aquatic plants to your tropical freshwater fish aquarium landscape, placing your roots in the gravel before adding water. Living plants not only create a more beautiful, natural environment but help maintain water quality by eliminating ammonia and nitrates. Good choices are Hygrophilia, which has elliptical leaves, graceful; Vallisneria, with long and narrow leaves that make it a natural person to be placed as a backdrop; And Java fern, which features lush wavy leaves. Because Java ferns tend to float, you may need to anchor your roots under a decorative stone.


To install the filter and heater, but do not connect them yet. Put a saucer in the center of the tank, and pour the water that has been treated with a dechlorination on the saucer in order to avoid the displacement of the gravel. Fill the tank halfway, rearrange the plants or decorations that have been disturbed, add the rest of the water and remove the saucer.


Plug the heater and thermostat after giving the thermostat 15 minutes to adjust the water temperature. Connect the filter. Add the reflective hood and light, and plug it in too many.

Water cycle

Let the water cycle for a few days before addition of the fish, thermostat control, and a thermometer to make sure the heater is keeping the water at around 74 to 79 degrees Fahrenheit. Use a water test kit to control levels of nitrates, chlorine, ammonia, and other chemicals. This will tell you if it is safe to add fish to your new aquarium.

Present your new tropical freshwater fish in the aquarium – a few at a time in the coming weeks – by floatation of the plastic bag that is sold in the water for at least an hour in order to equalize the water temperature. Open the bag several times to get the aquarium water, so the fish can gradually acclimate to it.

Add a scavenger fish to provide interest and movement at the bottom of the tank and to help keep the tank clean. Chinese algae eaters, Catfish, Plecostomus and kuhuli loch – particularly appealing with their colorful stripes – are all good choices.


Feed the tropical freshwater fish a good quality commercial flake food, supplemented with Artemia and mosquito larvae to promote good health and bright colors.


Keep algae from the sides of the aquarium by using a commercial algae scavenger and occasionally scraping the sides of the tank with a razor blade. Every few weeks, use a vacuum aquarium to clean the gravel. Periodically, 20 percent of the water should be diverted out and replaced with water without fresh chlorine. Use your water tester kit to tell you when this needs to be done.


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