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Six Commonly Transmitted STIs

STIs are diseases that are primarily spread through sexual contact. Here is some important information about six of the most commonly transmitted STIs.

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Chlamydia infects the penile urethra in men and the cervix in women and is currently the most common curable STI. Symptoms of chlamydia include discharge from the vagina or penis and discomfort during sex. However, the reason that chlamydia is so prevalent is because people who are infected often don’t display any symptoms.


Herpes is a viral STI and is spread through skin-to-skin contact. Anti-viral drugs can treat the symptoms, but it cannot be cured. The use of a condom can reduce the risk of transmission, but people with herpes should be aware that they can transmit the virus whether or not they are currently displaying symptoms.

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This common bacterial STI has similar effects and symptoms as chlamydia, including discharge and pain when urinating. Gonorrhoea can also be contracted via oral sex, and there is growing concern regarding strains that are resistant to antibiotics.

If you are concerned and want to have an STI test London has a variety of options, including GP appointments and dedicated sexual health clinics. Alternatively, you can order a home testing kit to put your mind at ease, and you can find more information about this here https://www.checkurself.org.uk/plus/.

Mycoplasma Genitalium (MG)

MG is most commonly transmitted via genital-to-genital contact, and symptoms include discharge and pain when urinating. The British Association of Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) has recently released draft guidelines because there are concerns that if MG is not treated early, it can become resistant to antibiotics and more difficult to treat.


If left untreated, syphilis can lead to serious health complications. Initial symptoms often include a rash on the soles of the feet and the palms of the hands, sores around the vagina, penis or mouth, and a fever. Syphilis can be successfully treated with antibiotics, and seeking advice and treatment as soon as possible is crucial.

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

HPV is the cause of most cases of cervical cancer. Prior to the introduction of the vaccine, it was estimated that around 75% of all sexually active people had contracted HPV at some point in their lives. Although it is considered to be incurable, symptoms can be treated effectively and in many instances the infection will resolve itself.



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